Specially protected natural areas
Information and reference system "Specially protected natural territories of the Republic of Buryatia"
Republic of Buryatia has unique natural and recreational resources, valuable in their properties, places of tourism, recreation and treatment of the population. With beautiful unspoilt landscapes, clean air, beautiful lakes and rivers, mineral springs, rich and varied flora and fauna, the Republic attracts many tourists wishing to relax and improve their health.
Right here, on the territory of the Republic of Buryatia, was created the first reserve of the country. In subsequent years, the amount of natural objects, classified as specially protected natural territories (SPNT), has increased steadily. To date, the Republic has established a network of protected areas of Federal, regional and local importance.
The natural reserve Fund protected areas of Federal importance is 2412,122 thousand hectares (6.86% of the territory of the Republic): 3 state nature reserves (total area of 778,16 thousand ha), 2 national parks (total area 1452,664 thousand hectares), 3 state nature reserves of Federal importance (total area 181,3 thousand hectares).
Specially protected natural areas of regional significance include 13 wildlife sanctuaries with a total area of 694,623 thousand hectares.
The reserves of the Republic of Buryatia for more than 30 years. The beginning of the present system of the national wildlife refuges was the creation in 1966 of the first state hunting reserve "Altacheisky" in mukhorshibirskiy district. Three of the sanctuaries are in direct contact with the lake Baikal: "Verkhne-Angarsk", "Analyse" and "Baikal". Goszakazchika "Borgoysky", "Verkhne-Angarsk", "tugnuisky" created pursuant to international conventions for the protection of migratory birds and their environment that determines their level and status. Other reserves focused on preserving the abundance and reproduction of hunting game animals.
2004, all reserves are property of the Republic of Buryatia received a single status of "state natural biological reserve of regional importance" (resolution of the government of the Republic of Belarus from March 24, 2004 No. 55). They include different natural zones – taiga, steppe and wetlands located in lowland and highland areas. The reform of public authorities of the Russian Federation in connection with the liquidation of Paratohormone during 2004-2005 there was a transfer of reserves of regional significance under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of natural resources of the Republic of Buryatia (Ministry of environment of Belarus). Functions of the Directorate of nature reserves – conservation, reproduction, regulation of use and census of fauna objects on the territory of nature reserves of regional importance carries out since 2005 by the Decree of the government of the Republic of Buryatia from July 15, 2005 No. 231 state institution "Management of natural resources and environmental protection of the Republic of Buryatia" (PG "Surprised"), included in structure of Ministry of natural resources RB.
In the reserve are carried out biotechnical actions: the resettlement of wild animals, mineral supplements and the feeding of animals in adverse climatic conditions.
Biotechnical measures carried out in combination with protection, the fight against predators, reduction of anthropogenic factors suggests the existence of positive correlation of the number of animals in the wildlife preserves of Belarus. Special attention deserves the question of improving the forms and methods of management of nature reserves. The Republic has positive experience of application of the method of landscape ecological planning of the territory of the Baikal reserve.
The main purpose of this method is the establishment of various zones based on the definitions of all the key habitats important for conservation of natural values and the establishment in accordance with the zoning of the level of forest management in the area. A special role reserves play in conservation and monitoring "cuashoknagar" species.