About the Republic of Buryatia
Republic of Buryatia is a subject of the Russian Federation and is part of the Siberian Federal district. The administrative and cultural center of the Republic is Ulan-Ude.
Distance by rail from Ulan-Ude to Moscow – 5519 km, and to the Pacific ocean – 3500 km.
The climate of Buryatia is sharply continental, with cold winters and hot summers. Winter is cold, with dry frost and a small amount of snow. Spring is windy, with frosts and almost without precipitation. Summers are short with hot days and cool nights, with heavy rainfall in July and August. Autumn is coming quietly, without sudden changes of weather, in some years, it is long and warm. The average temperature in summer +18,5 0 C, in winter -22 0C, and average annual temperature 1.6 million 0C. For the year receives an average 244 millimeters of rain.
On the territory of Buryatia is a large part (about 60% of shoreline) of lake Baikal – the deepest freshwater lake in the world. Length of Baikal is 636 km, width – from 25 to 79 km. the Total length of the coastline of Baikal 2100 km, and the area of the water area – 31,5 thousand m2. Maximum depth – 1637 m, average – 730 m. the Baikal is a natural reservoir of the fifth part of world reserves of fresh water of the highest quality. The lake is home to 2,500 different species of animals and fish, 250 of which are endemic.
The Buryat-Mongolian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
After the October revolution of 1917 occurred in Russia, the process of integration of Transbaikalia and the Far East part of Russia was very intense. Here in 1920, with the center in Verkhneudinsk was created the Far Eastern Republic. In 1923 was formed the Buryat-Mongolian Autonomous Soviet socialist Republic. In 1958 Mongolia became an independent state. In connection with the reorganization of the administrative system of the East Siberian region in 1937 from the Republic, was placed a number of areas, and based on them created two Buryat Autonomous district mentionedtions in the neighboring Buryatia administrative areas: the Aga national district in the composition of the Chita region and Ust-Ordynsky national district as part of the Irkutsk region. The Republic was this year renamed the Buryat Autonomous Socialist Republic.
The Buryat Autonomous Socialist Republic
In the Soviet period in the history of the Republic has created a fairly well-developed agro-industrial economy. Here was built a large enterprise, almost 60 industries including: aircraft industry, engineering, energy, coal, mining, woodworking and other industries that were associated with all economic regions of the USSR. Most large factories on the territory of Buryatia belonged to military-industrial complex, which led to a certain isolation of Buryatia. Until 80-ies of the 20th century, the Republic was closed to foreign citizens.
This is the creation of systems of education, health, science. Was organized by the Buryat scientific center of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, with its branch research offices, four universities, more than 20 colleges and special secondary schools.
The Republic Of Buryatia
In 1990 it was proclaimed the state sovereignty of the Buryat Soviet Socialist Republic and declared the rejection of the status of an Autonomous Republic. Now it's called the Republic of Buryatia and is the subject of the Russian Federation.
The events that took place in the history of Buryatia, left a deep mark on the fate of its peoples. This led to the formation of a special system of social relations in which tolerance and respect for national dignity, history, religion and culture living side by side with each other representatives of different peoples, are of particular value. This is reflected in the religious and cultural syncretism, the formation of mixed marriages, joint participation in the protection of borders and labor, the interpenetration of cultures, local customs and much more. Buryatia is a multinational Republic, in it peacefully coexist different religions and faiths. The most common and traditional ones are Buddhism and Christianity, including one of the branches of Orthodoxy - drevlepravoslavnaya. In Buryatia is a Buddhist Traditional Sangha of Russia, the Buddhist Institute Dashi Choinkhorlin. Actively reviving the ancient system of religious and philosophical views that before coming to Buryatia Buddhism and Orthodoxy, professed by the local population shamanism.
Brief information about the Republic of Buryatia
- The Republic covers an area 351,3 thousand sq. km.
- On the territory of the Republic there are 23 municipalities, 6 cities, 29 towns, and 615 villages.
- The population of the Republic of Buryatia is 979,4 thousand people. The urban population is about 60% of the total population, rural – 40 %, in the Republic's capital is home to about a third of the population of the Republic. The indigenous population of the Republic is the Buryats, the Evenks and the Soyots.
- The capital of the Republic is Ulan-Ude.
- Official languages: Russian and Buryat.
- The Republic has its own Constitution, state symbols: Emblem, Flag and Anthem.
- The highest legislative organ is the people's Khural, the highest body of the Executive power - the Government.
- The chief Executive is the head of the Republic.
- Modern Buryatia is located in the Central part of the Asian continent South of Siberia. It borders with the Irkutsk region in the Northwest, Chita oblast in the East, the Republic of Tuva in the North and Mongolia in the South. Buryatia is located on the crossroads of routes linking the European and Asian regions of Russia and also Russia with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, especially Mongolia and China.
The future of Buryatia is connected with.new development based on rational use of unique natural complex of lake Baikal and Baikal region, as well as rich cultural and historical heritage. One of the main ways of socio-economic development of the Republic is tourism. The country has a significant share of the most attractive natural, historical and cultural tourism resources of Eastern Siberia. The largest center of tourists ' attraction is lake Baikal, not less interesting is the unique culture of the people of Buryatia, to preserve the monuments of world importance.
In recent years it has taken a number of steps aimed at creating a large, modern tourist-recreational complex. Accepted legislative acts, the Concept of tourism development until 2010. The functions of government in the development of tourism referred to the Committee on tourism of the Ministry of economic development and foreign relations of the Republic of Buryatia. 10 administrative districts of Buryatia recognized the prospective for tourism development. Currently in the process of forming a relatively independent tourist centers and regions with their own specialty. It is the city of Ulan-Ude, Podlemorye, Northern Baikal, Barguzin valley, Baikal, Kabansk Raion, Tunkinskaya valley, Mountain Eye, the Sayan mountains, the town of Kyakhta, Mukhorshibir'. A General system of tourist information.