The district is located in the southern part of the republic, in the mountain-steppe area, which is part of the protective zone of Lake Baikal. It borders on the Muhorshibir and Kyakhta districts of Buryatia and the Chita region.
The Bichursky District was established in 1935. The population is 30 thousand people. The density is 4.3 people per square kilometer. The district center is with. Bichura is located 201 km from Ulan-Ude, mentioned in the archives as a large village as early as 1723. In 1768, 26 families of Old Believers arrived in Bichur. The district is located in the southern part of the republic, in the mountain-steppe area, which is part of the protective zone of Lake Baikal. It borders on the Muhorshibir and Kyakhta districts of Buryatia and the Chita region. The intermontane basin of Bichurskaya has the highest point - Mount Kastryuk (1656 m). The highest point of the Zaganskiy range is Mount Mani (1380 m).
The way to the Bichur region lies through the most beautiful places, the Barsky and Zagansky ranges. Taiga approaches the very roadside, where you can often see a rabbit or a fox, less often a roe deer. In the spring of the taiga - a very gentle lilac mist of a blossoming ledum.
At berry time on the Zagansky ridge, there are many glades of strawberries. Forests in the area are mostly larch, cedar and pine. Grow javelin redwood and moonseed, listed in the Red Book, known Shibertuysky forest with blue firs.
On the banks of the river. Bichurs are found in columns, mink. In the mountain taiga zone lies a sable. The floodplains are inhabited by the river, grouse. Roe deer, squirrel, fox, wolf, tarbagan are found in hunting grounds, there are bears that are interesting for sport hunting.
Here long ago Russians, old-timers, family, Old Believers and Buryats-Ashabagad, Chori-Buryats and Tsongoles live side by side. Every village is famous. Cossack village of Bichurskaya unites the villages of Kiret, Khayan, Dry creek. Many of the villages built by the family preserved their original appearance. This village was occupied by M.Kunalei, Biliutai, Bichura. The village of Shibertui is known as the birthplace of many recognized poets and writers of Buryatia. In honor of the saints, Paul and Peter, were named with. Petropavlovka. Such villages as Honholoy, Ayag, Shanaga and Amgalanta are connected by the legend of Baator, who fought the Monster in the localities of the Black Mountain near Mount Ereelzha.
Objects of tourist interest
The region has the potential for ecological, hunting, scientific-cognitive, health-improving tourism. There are many wonderful places for recreation, hunting, fishing: the forest, the Black Lake, the Khilok and Chikoy rivers, the rich berry, cedar, etc.
Here are excellent opportunities for rural tourism. There are historical reasons for this, since the family are born-again peasants, the land is still the main riches of the region.
The village of Bichura is a few long streets along the river. Bichurki, and st. The Communist is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest rural street: it stretches for 17 km. Anyone who has ever visited Bichur in May, will never forget the "bird cherry paradise" -the bloom of these trees is bright and sweet. In the regional center the creation of a museum of local lore named after Shirokih-Polyansky.
The museum is adjoined by an old family house, which contains items of everyday life of the Old Believers.
In the steppe, for Yelan, an ancient Hunn fortified hill, protected by the law, is located. There are a lot of monuments of this kind in the region. The museum houses exhibits and photographs of these places.
In Bichur, the Storyeval Church of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary was built. Icons brought to Siberia back in the days of the Nikon reforms were brought to the church.
In with. Shibertuy in 1999 was opened datsan, built by the hands of believers. Around the eight suburbans are erected, each dedicated to a special saying. Near the village. Cf. Harlun also delivered a suburgan.
The villages of Maly Kunalei and Settlement are founded by the Posolsky monastery in a beautiful place on the bank of the river. Hilok. The river flows into it. Kunalei, which originates in the Buisk Ridge. Special attention should be paid to the ridges along the Kunaleya valley and the rivers Bui and Takil. These places store untold raspberry, currant, cowberry, blueberry riches; here there are bears. Not far from V. Mangirtui, there is a small Kharasun lake, which appeared as a result of a tectonic fault. It is famous for a rare bird, listed in the Red Book – a goose-turpan, which regularly settles in these places.
The most beautiful places will be opened to the traveler who has called in an old family c. Bilyutai. From the plateau pass, far below are seen the magnificent bends of the river. Hilok, who makes his way through the forested mountains.
In with. Old Keys beats a healing source for the treatment of eye diseases. Similar sources are in Shibertui, Kireti, Old Keys, Upper Mangirtue, Motna, Elani. Unique sources with mineral waters are conditions for health improvement and recreation of the population and tourists.
The Uzkolug Biosphere Reserve was established with the aim of preserving, reproducing and restoring valuable objects of the animal world and their habitats, economically, scientifically, culturally, maintaining the ecological integrity of natural communities. The main objects of protection: lynx, wolverine, red fox, bear, sable, columns, ermine, saltwort, squirrel, hare, muskrat, capercaillie, black grouse, hazel grouse, partridge gray, ducks, geese. Stream Bui, Takil and many small ones flow. They are full of grayling, lenok, taimen.
There are extinct volcanoes Bain, Sahuurta, archaeological monuments of the Paleolithic and Neolithic, in the valley of the Khilok river numerous traces of the material culture of the Hun and the Uyghur Kaganate. In the area of V. Mangirtui on the right bank of the Hilka is concentrated many monuments from the XI century. BC. for the XIV century. including altars from the stones of the era of tile graves (VII century BC).
Creeping sands in the vicinity of The furnace is a natural phenomenon, in the sandy mobile mass, any object disappears. The village of Elan is famous for its rich school historical museum and the museum of the poet Mikhail Shikhanov, who was born in these parts. The village of Maly Kunalei is known for its folk choir, in the repertoire of which there are songs and rites of the family. Cedar forests of the Bichursky and Kunaleysk forestries are referred to the walnutfishing zone. Every year, from 100 to 400 tons of pine nuts are harvested (depending on the yield). Apparently, tourists and hunters have something to do.
"Bichura is a cedar paradise." Extraction of the old technology of pine nuts. Extreme tour to hard-to-reach, beautiful places. You can meet the owner of the taiga bear, roe deer, musk deer; set of squirrels, partridges, grouse, for experienced, physically trained participants.
Rafting along the Khilok river. Calm flow of the river will allow you to admire the opening views. Field kitchen at the stake. A test of strength in a sports competition on boats. By the Hilk, the Cossacks sailed to the Irgene-lake under sail; rafted with the family of the archpriest Habakkuk. Route for beginners.
"The Way of Genghis Khan". The route passes through a medium-rugged terrain, along the bottom of the length of the Hilka (25 km), the valley of the river. Blanka and the valley of the tract Kiret. On the movement: the Baisa-eshete rock with well-preserved petroglyphs - a cultural monument of the XV-VI centuries. BC. Route for beginners.