Bauntovskiy Evenkiyskiy district
Bounded to the South by the Baikal, the Khori and Eravninskiy areas in the North – Muya and Severobaikalsk, on the West of the Barguzinsky and Kurumkansky districts, in the East the natural boundary is the river Vitim dividing the area of the Chita region.
Bauntovskiy Evenkiyskiy district was established in 1925, Occupies almost one fifth of the Republic's population of 10.1 million people. Density of one person 6 sq. km ethnic composition: Russian 76.8%, bore 14.7%, Evenki 5.4%, and other nationalities 3.1%. The district has long been a place of compact residence of the Evenks. Currently resides at 612 Evenki. In the region of 23 settlements, the administrative center of the village of Bagdarin (home to 4.7 million people). From Bagdarin to the nearest railway station of Chita distance on a dirt road 342 km away, and Ulan-Ude – 597 km. bounded to the South by the Baikal, the Khori and Eravninskiy areas in the North – Muya and Severobaikalsk, on the West of the Barguzinsky and Kurumkansky districts, in the East the natural boundary is the river Vitim dividing the area of the Chita region.
In 1652, a detachment of Russian Cossacks was founded bauntovskiy jail, the second historic settlement on the territory of Buryatia after the Barguzin Ostrog. Bauntovskiy Evenkiyskiy district is located in the North-Eastern part of Buryatia, in the centre of the Asian continent, removed from the sea, so the climate here is sharply continental. Winter in this vast taiga region is cold and long. The temperature reduced to -57 C.
The main part of the district lies at an altitude of over 900 m above sea level. To the North are Basanti (Tsipikanskiy mountains) runs South-West to North-East to the ikat ridge. In the North-West of the district is located South Muya ridge. Tsipikanskiy between the mountains and the South Muya ridge is Bauntovskiy basin, where runs the river CISC, here is the lake Baunt, that gave name to the district.
The main activity of the population is mining, which is Paradisehe is very rich: the largest deposits of aluminum, a unique Deposit of asbestos. The district is among the gold regions, gold mining is conducted continuously since 1844 Gold represented in indigenous and placer deposits. Proven Khiagda uranium Deposit.
THE PLACES OF INTEREST FOR TOURISTS
On the territory of bauntovskiy area of the river Vitim – one of the largest rivers of Eastern Siberia, the right tributary of the Lena; a source on the slopes of the ikat ridge. In hydroelectric resources Vitim one of the largest rivers in Russia. However, shipping is very complicated due to the presence of dangerous rapids.
The CISC is the second largest river of the district, left tributary of the Vitim.
Lake Baunt is located in the Western part of Bauntovskiy depression. Flows out of the lake river N.The Chicks near the source of which is situated the village of Baunt the meteorological station. On the southern shore of the lake at the foot of the mountain B. Khapton resort "Baunt". In the lake there are more than 20 species of fish. The banks are high, rocky,steep. Lake Baunt ranks third in the Buryatia Republic on the area of the surface of the water after Baikal lake and Goose lake. The length of the lake is 17.5 km, a maximum width of 9 km and a depth of 33 m, the ice thickness is 1.9 m. the lake is endemic to is the shrimp water donkey and red bauntovskiy SIG. Near lake Lodge endangered black-capped marmot, black stork, whooper Swan, osprey, black-tailed Godwit Asian bukasovii, lenok, taimen. Cape Traisteni petroglyphs. On the Peninsula of the Old Blount was found the remains of bauntovskiy prison.
On the coast there is a hot spring, built the resort of local importance – "Hot Key". The source refers to the slightly sulfurous, temperature hydrothermal output
+54?C. Source represented by three griffins. Indications for treatment: diseases of movement apparatus, nervous system, skin and gynecological diseases.
Around lake Baunt is a mountain is a Large Khapton, the height over the pond 1264 m and 2284 m above sea level. With the foot of the mountain openturns out the amazing picture of lakes and rivers Bauntovskiy basin and Alpine-type peaks of the South Muya ridge. Numerous channels, rivers, streams, lakes – the places of nesting birds.
Logoiski mineral source up to 10 outputs gidroterm, the water temperature reaches 81 C, and the fluorine content of 26.4 mg/L. the Water is hydrocarbonate sodium with silica content.
Muya mineral spring is situated on the right Bank of the river Muya. Unloading term occurs on the right Bank of the stream flowing into the R. MUI, at the foot of the slope.
Tolmachevskiy source is located 2.5 km above the village of Ust-Muya. Thermal springs there are unloaded on a sand spit near the shore of the river segment with a length of 700-800 m water Temperature to 39 C.
Lake Busan – length 10.5 km, width 6 km, depth up to 10 m. the lake is home To ruff, grayling, and endemic loach "davatchan". Red Lily square.
Darong lake – a picturesque lake surrounded by forest, on the banks of the whereabouts of the mammoth fauna Cumorah (found remains of the mammoth, sarminskoe horse, woolly rhinoceros, bison). On the banks grow dwarf red Lily, loosestrife, marsh thelypteris, lake living Lin. Found rare relict plant species: Naiad flexible and fissidens adianthoides. The encampment of the bronze age.
Butte Moiseevskaya hill – picturesque rocks.
The Dolganskaya Yama cave – one of the largest in Siberia and the far East, its length more than 5 km, a depth of 130 m. in Addition to stalactites, corallites there are two small lakes. In the cave dwells the largest in Siberia a colony of hibernating bats (six species, two endangered). For speleol-GOV cave interesting failure craters, and corallites, with stalactites, stalagmites, ice and hydrothermal crystals. Here underground lakes, huge caves, tunnels. A unique training ground for geological, biological, paleontological, hydrogeological, glaciological, geomorphological and microclimatic observations.
Cave Dolphin – Deutthe second in size, is located to the Northwest of the Dolgan of the pit. Its length is 90 m, depth 35, is kamennobrodsky the gap at the bottom of which starts on the glacier.
Extinct volcano Dombrowski is located in the valley of the river dilinde. Basaltic slightly truncated cone with a diameter of 1000 m, altitude of 150 m. Extinct volcano Candidose on the right Bank, seven miles from the mouth of the river of jalindi. Basalt cone destroyed by erosional processes.
The extinct volcano of Lopatin, one of the most expressive. Named after one of the first researchers of the Geology of the Vitim plateau the famous Explorer I. N. Lopatina.
The extinct volcano of Mushketov crowns the watershed of the rivers Inguri and Melt in the middle reaches of river Vitim. In the form of a truncated cone is raised above the surface of the basaltic plateau at 300 m. Extinct volcano Yaksha-1 is located in the upper river YAKSHI, a tributary of the Vitim. Badly damaged, leaving only the Northern and southern parts of the crater wall with a wall height of up to 60 m towards the bottom of the broad valley.
White rock mountain is composed of white limestone, an ancient sacred place of worship.