BAIKAL - BURYATIA: tourism and recreation

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Jida district




The Dzhidinsky region is located in a southwest part of Buryatia, borders with Mongolia and such districts as Zakamensky, Kabansky, Selenginsky and Kyakhtinsky.
The Dzhidinsky region was formed in 1935, it is located in the southwest part of Buryatia, borders with Mongolia, Zakamensky, Kabansky, Selenginsky and Kyakhtinsky districts. The population is 31091 people, density is 3,6 people per square kilometer, national structure - Russian 54,6%, Buryats 42,1%. The administrative center is Petropavlovka village.
The area is in the hollow surrounded with chains of hills. The River Dzhida flows near Petropavlovka village. It is the tributary of the River Selenga. In winter, the temperature in the district reaches -49 °C.
The Dzhidinsky region is famous for its untouched rich nature and is considered one of the most perspective tourist centers of Buryatia.
Dzhidinsky district is a cleanest steppe air which turns the head, he is filled with aromas of fragrant herbs, great Hamar-Daban, fantastically beautiful taiga, steppes, a combination of different landscapes which bewitch their beauty and pristineness, the large and small rivers, freshwater and salty lakes, mineral sources-arshans, cold freshwater springs the healing qualities of which make it possible to organize rest and treatment of guests.
Dzhidinsky region is rest in tent camps, on recreation bases, hiking, picnics, fishing, it is a caravan Tea way, the Udunginsky tract, rafting along the Temnik and Dzhida rivers, ancient life of local residents, ethnotourism in the Ulzar village.
Guns burials, tiled graves (Dyrestuysky Kultuk), rock paintings and caves of ancient people of the Neolithic Bronze Age, geological objects (place Sorbaduy), flora and fauna, hunting and fishing on the beautiful lake Tagley are of great interest.
Gegetuy Temple (Datsan) existed originally as a small felt church. It was founded by the Sartul Buryats on the river Burgaltay in 1769, whence in 1808 it was moved and placed as a stationary temple at the river channel Gegetuy. Parishioners belonged to the Cossack class, at the beginning of XX century there were 3860 people. Gegetuy Temple was closed in the 1930s, in 1999 it was restore as Sartuul-Gegetuy Temple. There is a center of Tibetan medicine here.
The lake Tagley is in upper reaches of the Temnik River, on it coast there are firs, spruces, pines, an alder grow. Water is very well gets warm, even in autumn it remains warm. Therapeutic muds of this lake help with treatment of skin diseases. Average depth of the lake is 4–5 m. There are a lot of ducks here. Near the lake from under the mountains beat the water springs. Nearby is oboo (it is heap of stones or trees, decorated with ribbons and flags).
The cave of Sarbaduy is on the eastern slope of the Sarbaduy mountain. The height of the cave at the entrance 2,5 m. Here was found traces of an ancient man. The mixed burial Sarbaduy is located on the slope of the river bank Ichetuy, there are tile tombs of Bronze Age of the first millennium BC and the kereksurs – it is burials of the Turkic nobility of the VI-XVI century AD. On the edge of the cape opens a panoramic view of the bend of the river Dzhida.
For the protection of waterfowl during the spring and autumn migration, two wildlife preserves - Tagley and Borgoi - were organized in the district; eight natural monuments - water, geological, botanical and historical - were identified. The reserves are located in the hilly Borgoy steppes in the southeast of the Dzhida region, where there are no rivers. At the end of spring, thousands of birds cover the water surface of lakes, coasts, the edges of melted ice. Ducks, geese, sandpipers, cranes, swans plunge into a general buzz. Ornithologists from all over the world come here to see the largest concentration of birds in Central Asia. Hunting in these reserves is strictly forbidden. Enhorskiy Cheeks is a beautiful place, here Dzhida River had laid the canal through the granite massif, having formed high coast three kilometers long. The picturesque rocks with fish places attract fishermens and fans of the nature here. In four kilometers above the area there is an archaeological monument the ancient Huns settlement.
Mount Burin Khan - one of the five holy shrines of Asia, it is located in the Borgoy steppe. "Perfect Khan", as you can translate the name of this sacred place. There are three peaks on the mountain: southern - Burin Khan (husband), northern - Hanshey (wife), in the middle - Son. Appearance of "owner" of the mountain: the man astride a horse of light color, is dressed in brown clothes, a cap is pointed. His hands hold a bow, arrows. On a small terrace there is a lake; in a circle are located 12 small oboo. Each of them is a symbol of the Buryat family, living in the Borgoy and Selenga valleys. Only men can rise to the top of mount. On the top of Burin Khan, according to legends, appears Sagaan-bgen, (White Elder), he is the keeper of all life on the Earth. He gives well-being, plenteous years, prosperity and happiness.
Dyrestuy - village (ulus). In the village in 2006 the Atagan Datsan-Buddhistic monastery was restore at the expense of believers donations. Datsan, erected in 1771 on the left bank of the River Dzhida near the sacred mountain of Noyto-Uula, it was one of the largest in Buryatia. In the temple were developed book printing and icon painting.
Dyrestuisky Kultuk - area (boundary) near the village Dyrestuy. There are numerous of archaeological monuments here - the burial ground and ancient Huns town that located on the left bank of the Dzhida River in a steep bend 10 km from Dyrestuy. Under the masonry in the wooden blockhouses were the backbones. Finds: iron and bronze details of a horse harness, cast bronze openwork plates with the image of animal struggle, imitation of caurie shells, iron spade tips, iron household items, thin gold and bronze plates in "animal style", earrings from malachite, carnelian, jasper and glass beads, fragments of clay vessels. Collections are kept in Kyakhta museum of local lore.
Bayan-Under (Goly-Ochi) is a town of the Iron Age, the burial of the Bronze Age is located 15 km from the village Dyrestuy behind Dyrestuysky Kultuk. Nearby there are marked the kereksurs and the tile graves. It was opened in 1949 by A.P. Okladnikov.
The burial Orgoiton - the Huns burial with the princely burial mound (Iron Age) is located on the left bank of the Selenga River, 5 km from the village Zarubino.
Petroglyphs (Bronze Age) are found on the left bank of the Selenga River, 1 km above the railway bridge across the Selenga River on a steep rock at an altitude of three meters. Drawings of poor preservation are painted in red and consist of formless spots. Opened by A.P. Okladnikov in 1949/
Mount Haraty is located near to village Zarubino. This is a sacred place, a botanical monument of nature, there are rare and endemic plants that are listed in the Red Book: Siberian apricot, Caryopteris mongholica Bunge, Ramnus erythroxylon Pallas, Stenosolenium saxatile Turcz.