The area is located in the mountain steppe valley at the southern edge of the Vitim plateau, in the basins of rivers Selenga and Vitim–Lena, bordered Kizhinginsky, Khorinsk, Bauntovskiy areas of Buryatiya, in the South of the Chita region.
Eravninskiy district was formed in 1927 Administrative centre – p Sosnovo-Ozerskoye, the distance from Ulan-Ude 297км. The same distance is the city of Chita. Through the region passes the Republican road Ulan-Ude-Romanovka-Chita. Remoteness from the nearest railway station Mogzon 120 km 18705 Population people, density of 0.61 persons/sq. km ethnic composition: Russians 54%, Buryats 44%. Aboriginal inhabitants of the area belong to the Hori-Buryats. Religious composition – the Buddhists, Orthodox. The district shares borders with Kizhinginsky, Khorinsk, Bauntovskiy areas of Buryatiya, in the South of the Chita region.
The area is located in the mountain steppe valley at the southern edge of the Vitim plateau, in the basins of rivers Selenga and Vitim–Lena. Major rivers Vitim, UDA, Konda. From all sides the territory of the district is rimmed by the foothills of the Yablonovy ranges, Tsagan-Khurtey, the Selenga middle mountains.
The highest mark – 1269 m 1598 m. the Climate is sharply continental with dry, long and frosty winters, short but warm summers. The lowest January temperature of -52 C, maximum summer – to +40 C.
Vitim the biggest and most much-water river. UDA river originates in the South-Eastern part of the district and belongs to the basin of lake Baikal. Eravna is rich in lakes – more than 10 large and 200 small. The largest – Big Eravna (depth 6 m), Small Eravna, Pine, Gund, Isinga, Uta-Nur.
THE PLACES OF INTEREST FOR TOURISTS
Egituisky datsan Damchoe Revealing ("Abode of dissemination of the noble Teachings") was founded in 1820 Revived Egituisky datsan set in 1991 on the site of the old monastery complex. The temple is its Shrine – sculpture Sandan, IUU approved as one of the Buddhist shrines of Russia. The world of realityesthet two in vivo images of the Buddha Shakyamuni, one of them is a Sandalwood Buddha, located in Egituisky datsan. The second sculpture kept at the British Museum. Sandalwood Buddha was brought to Buryatia from Beijing, and in 1901 installed in Egituisky datsan, where he remained until 1935, when of the destroyed temple he was taken to the anti-religious Museum of Ulan-Ude. There he was kept until 1991, the Museum of history of Buryatia.
One of the oldest surviving sculptural images of the Buddha carries, maybe its true, Jun you and is one of the greatest relics of Buddhism and a piece of fine art. Sculptural Sandalwood Buddha really has a magnetic force and a positive aura that even the non-Buddhists communication with Sandan, guu and the perception of it as a work of art brings positive emotions, energizes, purifies the soul. According to legend, Sandan, juu floating in the air, feet not touching the ground, under them it is possible to stretch a thread. Indeed, gilded wooden sculpture, despite its almost two-meter height, monumentality and the large form seems almost weightless. His right hand raised at chest level with palm towards the viewer (the wise "talent protecting"), the left hand is also bent with your palm towards the viewer (the wise "gift of mercy"). The image on his robe concentric semicircles, like ripples of water or waves, it reminds you of how the artist created a sculptural image of a living Buddha in his reflection in the lake water. The building site for the temple was selected one of the elders kind of Mathon hargan, blind, HUNTIN Gaalan. According to legend, while walking with his nephew, he tripped on a rock and told my nephew to pick it up. That, having lifted the stone, said: "this stone is full of water." The stone was silicon and transparent as water. Wantin Gaalan took this stone for the sign of the Almighty, and then on this place began the construction of the Egituisky datsan. At the time of closure in 1934 the Egituisky datsan complex consisted of 12 BAfree of buildings and was one of the few Buryat datsans, where he held the Cham mystery.
On the granite pages of the poetic garden of stones embossed Buryat poems by famous poets. In the garden of stones has a glass sarcophagus, which has Couzon shuuzan is the Keeper of all residents.
Lake Gund shaped like a huge bowl. Sandy beaches and warm water attract tourists. The water has indications for use in diseases of the joints, osteoarthritis, venous insufficiency.
Long lake is 14 km South from Sosnovo-Ozerskoye. Water has a high mineral content. It is indicated for diseases of the joints, gastrointestinal tract, venous insufficiency, skin diseases.
The source of HoReCa – 101 km from Sosnovo-Ozerskoye.
Used in gynecological diseases, has a positive effect on the nervous system, stimulates blood circulation and metabolism.
Source Ulhas – near S. Gonda. Has a high content of hydrogen sulfide, which has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, the metabolic processes in organs and tissues. Water is a radioactive cold waters.
Source Daban-Gorkhon is 26 km from Sosnovo-Ozerskoye. Bath stimulates the heart and blood vessels; increase respiratory function, lower blood pressure, reduce angina.
Large and Small Karginskii lake (Gorgo –"thorn"), in the middle of the Small lake has a small island as "an eyesore", according to another version – Kharg means rocky islet, reef, stranded. The lake is bordered by a pebbly and sandy billows, braids, separating the shallow coastline with numerous lagoons and bays.
Marakta – terrain, fancy folded huge boulders. On a rocky hill Baga-Baysa, on the ledge was a Buddhist chapel, preserved petroglyphs, made with red paint with images of men, birds, and fences.
In Marchinsky valley in close proximity to each other there are many sacred meSt, mineral springs. Marchinsky Arshan –
81 km from Sosnovo-Ozersk, has a taste of iron and rust sediment, heals the joints, liver, kidneys, eyes, female diseases. Interestingly, in the absence of people source hardly oozes, but should appear here, ten people, as spring turns into
a powerful stream. A little further beats Arshan Badati – improves the gastrointestinal tract.
The fortress of Chora Shuluun located on the high Bank Marachi, inside is divided into three separate parts with entrances to crevices.
Rock Saggan the Ubgen (White Starec) – low piles of stones are considered to be the dwelling place of the White man, his cult more than 2.5 thousand years. Offerings to him are made only dairy dishes.
Darita-Walla – pass to the lake Nokoni. Immutable in such places is the rules: you cannot pass without a gift to be left to the owner of the Holy places, or not to be luck; you can't leave trash, cut trees and bushes, swearing and cursing.