BAIKAL - BURYATIA: tourism and recreation

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Khorinsk district


The district is situated in the protective zone of Baikal (Uda, Khodon, Kurba, Ana rivers), borders on the Pribaykalsky,Yeravninsky, Bauntovsky, Kizhinginsky, Zaigrayevsky districts.
The Khorinsky district was established in November 1923 among the first administrative units of the Buryat-Mongol ASSR. The population is 19 017 people;the population density is 1.42 inhabitants per square kilometre. The ethnic composition: the Russians 62,2%, the Buryats 34,4%, religious composition: Buddhists, Orthodox. The Administrative Centre is v. Khorinsk(formerly known as Dodo-Aninsk). The district borders on the Pribaykalsky,Yeravninsky, Bauntovsky, Kizhinginsky, Zaigrayevsky districts. Khorinsk is located 165 km from Ulan-Ude. The nearest railway station Zaigraevo is 130 km away.
The district is situated in the protective zone of Baikal (Uda, Khodon, Kurba, Ana rivers). A considerable part of the territory is occupied by ridges with their branching and intermontane valleys. The maximum height above sea level is 1800-2000 m, the minimum is 540 m, the Kurbinsky ridge (1746 m) is a watershed of the Kurby and Ona rivers. All ridges are massive, flat-topped with a large number of dome-shaped peaks and manes, covered with wood. There are spurs of ridges with pointed ridges and bare peaks, sheer cliffs and gorges.
The first educational institution for the Khori-Buryats was opened in Khorinsk in 1806. Here lived an exiled Decembrist, a member of the Northern Society of Andrew Rosen, and the Decembrists, who followed the stage in the prisons of Chita and the Petrovsky plant. In the village there are cafes and shops, a museum of local lore, post office and telegraph, culture center, sports complex, datsan, hotel, gas station.

Objects of tourist interest

In the Khorinsk museum of local lore and history represents the life of local residents, the genealogy of the Khori-Buryats. There is reserved the typical situation of a yurt (a hearth, ritual perdmets of Buddhism, clothes, household utensils, musical instruments), that characterized for home life of the late XIX and XX centuries. There are objects not seen in our everyday life for a long time (headgear of a shaman, cast-iron products of the Petrovsky iron-making factory, a saddle of ancient work, a complete set of horse harnesses as the most necessary in the life of a nomad Buryat.The most valuable, unique collections of ancient tools of Old Stone Age, the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, the Iron Age .The museum is located in a building that used to belong to Aninskydatsan.
The Khorinsk Central Library of Jalsaraev D.Z. (the author of the lyrics to the anthem of Republic of Buryatia) is one of the oldest libraries in Buryatia and one of the largest in Eastern Siberia. In the literary lounge of the library there are constantly exhibited personal exhibitions of contemporary artists, there are evening-meetings, lectures, concerts, literary and musical evenings.
The Khorin department became the third territorial entity of Transbaikalia, where Lamaism spread. Among the Chorinians, this religion has gained considerable popularity since the middle of the 18th century. The first stationary religious buildings on the Khorinsk land belonged to the Kudun (Kizhginsky) and Aninskdatsans, which were rebuilt in the second half of the 18th century. The Khorindatsans were the centers of Buddhist education in Buryatia.
The biographies of many outstanding figures of Buddhism and enlighteners of Buryatia are connected with the Khorindatsans. After the establishment of Soviet rule, the Khorin monastic complexes were ruthlessly destroyed.
The Buddhist temple in Khorinsk village is considered to be the dugan of Anindatsan of GandanShadduwling. In a three-story brick building, the first floor is allocated to the Tibetan Medicine Center, the second floor is occupied by the prayer hall. On the third floor is kept Gombo-sahyusan, the keeper of Aninskydatsan. The interior decoration is traditional for Buryat datsans. The central place in the altar is the figure of Maidari. In the temple are stored the attributes of the old Anindatsan, including 350 Buddhist figures. Figurines 10-15 cm high are cast from bronze, covered with gold leaf. Inside each are a miniature prayer drum and medicinal herbs.The figures are more than 200 years old, some are with broken hands or with lost mineral paint.
Lamas hold all their religious worship and conduct reception of parishioners who wish to receive their help.In 30 km from the Khorinsk village there is one of the most famous cult Buddhist structures of the early XIX century - Anindatsan "Gan-danShaddubling" ("The abode of preaching and asceticism "). Its main temple is attributed to the outstanding works of Buryat religious architecture, which has no analogues in its composition-spatial solution in the architecture of the Buddhist world.
The well-preserved ruins of the church have an unquestionable architectural and cultural-historical value. In the early 90-ies of the XX century a small wooden dugan was built next to the dilapidated building of the main temple of the Anindatsan. In this dugan services are held today. On the hillside was built a group of eight suburgans, next to them were built 108 suburgans, located in a line at a distance of 12 m. from each other. Each suburgan was raised with money of one family and became a true family-patrimonial property. A generic book is attached to each suburban, designed to fix the family tree.
The celebration of 108 suburgans is the only worldwide celebration in the calendar of the Anindatsan. It is organized every year.
The Khorinsky district is famous for its archeological monuments, which testify to the rich and interesting history of the region: the famous Paleolithic settlement of the Sannyi Cape and the settlement on Khudag mountain.
To the Neolithic age refers a large number of ancient sites, many monuments of the Bronze Age-Early Iron Age, among which are the petroglyphs of Khotoga-Khabsagai, Naran-Khabsagay, Bain-Khara, Dodogol; tiled burial grounds of Alan and others.