BAIKAL - BURYATIA: tourism and recreation

official website of the Republic of Buryatia in the field of tourism development

Kabanskiy district


Located on the southern and South-Eastern coasts of lake Baikal. Bordered by the Baikal, Ivolginsky, Selenginsky, Djidinskiy and Zakamenskii districts, Irkutsk region in R. snow and lake Baikal.
Kabanskiy district was formed in 1927, the Administrative center – village of Kabansk deleted from Ulan-Ude to 113 km, is seven km from the highway M-55. The population of the district 64.5 thousand people,density of 4.82 persons/sq. m. Located on the southern and South-Eastern coasts of lake Baikal. Bordered by the Baikal, Ivolginsky, Selenginsky, Djidinskiy and Zakamenskii districts, Irkutsk region in R. snow and lake Baikal. High spurs of the mountain ranges of the Khamar-Daban and Ulan-Burgasy make up a natural border. The district territory there are the Federal highway M-55 and East-Siberian railroad, linking Moskvoi Vladivostok, and rail routes linking Russia with Mongolia and China. From the city of Ulan-Ude to the town of Babushkin runs train.
The Kabanskiy region – the gates of Transbaikalia. This is one of the most extensive areas of Buryatia. Largest the Selenga river divides the district into two parts. The territory of the district is cut by numerous rivers flowing into the lake: Abramikha, Kultushnaya, Tankhoi, snow, Vydrina and others. The length of the coastal line 218 km.
The name of the district derived from the name of R. boar, along where there were many wild boars. Kabanskiy district – one of the most important tourist areas of Buryatia. Convenient transport scheme allows easy access all the recreational areas.
In 1680 was raised Kabanskiy jail, and later appeared near the village. It was visited by many famous people: Archpriest Avvakum, the Ukrainian Hetman Demian Mnohohrishny, exiles archers, Polish rebels, populists and the heroes of the first Russian revolution, lived Decembrists M. Glebov. Through the village held a Tea caravan way. The village has two petrol stations, cafes, shops, historical Museum. One of the attractions – the synagogue, built kuptsAMI-Jews, in fact, raise this region in the XVIII–XIX centuries building Now houses the district administration. From the village there is a road to the recreation area Lemasovo and Posolsk monastery.
THE PLACES OF INTEREST FOR TOURISTS
The Posolsky Spaso-Preobragenskiy founded on the right shore of lake Baikal in 1681 mission of the Abbot Theodosius at the decree of Tsar Fedor Alekseevich. Near the monastery was founded by S. Embassy. Ensemble of the Embassy of the monastery is an outstanding monument of architecture of Siberia. This is the first stone temple of Transbaikalia, a magnificent example of Siberian Baroque. Detail the history of the monastery described in the section "the Way of Avvakum". Here starts to develop pilgrimage and rural tourism.
Lemasovo is one of the main recreational areas in the South-Eastern coast of Baikal, a popular vacation spot. Located on the Gulf of Cherkalov SOR, the nearest settlements – the village the Embassy and the Source. Lemasovo included in the list of especially protected natural territories, a regime of limiting anthropogenic loads.
Khamar-Daban (Bur. nose, nutty pass) – ridge approaches the lake to 6-8 km and the traveller, walking the path from the lake to the spurs of the ridge, maybe for one day to visit the Baikal terraces in the mountain forest zone, Alpine meadows and tundra. Is a chain of mountain ranges in width from 40 to 90 km from the ridge (loaches) devoid of vegetation, have a rounded shape without a pronounced crest and reach the height of 2000-2300 m above sea level. The maximum height of the ridge 2371 m (G. Khan Ulaa). The chain stretches along the South-Eastern shore of Baikal from the Selenga middle mountains up to the ridge. Munku-Sardyk. The mountains drop steeply to the Baikal lake and are a natural barrier for air streams transported through the lake. Rainfall here is more than adjacent spaces, damp climate promotes plentiful growth of various vegetation, for which the ridge called "the Siberian jungles". In the forests of this part of the Khamar-Daban relict plants trestatic period, here are ferns as tall as a human. To the South of the Khamar-Daban already dominated by tundra vegetation.
The range is composed of hard rocks are common stony alluvial deposits, rock outcrops with a height of 20 m and more, the manifestations of water erosion, the cliffs. There are mudflows and landslides, and earthquakes sometimes reach 9-11 points. The water table close to the surface, often come up to form wetlands, sometimes of significant length in the river valleys. In Hamar-Daban many rivers, the largest of them: snow, Khara-Murin, the Temnik, the Utulik, the Zun-Murin, a width of 45 m, depth up to 1.5 m In the upper reaches, the flow velocity reaches 2 m/s. river bottoms of sand, gravel, boulders, almost all the rivers passable. The freezing of the rivers takes place in October–November (in winter some freeze to the bottom), with the formation of numerous ice dams; opening in April–may, with a small spring flood. The highest water levels in rivers are observed in July, when the snow melts in the upper reaches coincides with heavy rains. At this time, the water level and flow velocity increase dramatically, there is a flooding of floodplains. On the rivers many rapids, shoals and waterfalls, common rock canyons and clamps with hard rounds. Few lakes in the river valleys, mezhdurech spaces and plateaus, minor in magnitude and depth, are of glacial origin.
The Baikal biosphere reserve located on the southern coast of lake Baikal, in the Central part of the ridge. Khamar-Daban. The Northern boundary runs along the motorway Ulan-Ude–Irkutsk, South and East by the rivers Temnik and was also installed nearby. The reserve is the highest peak of the Khamar-Daban mountain Sochor (2316 m). Reserve the place for the secure conservation of gene pool of wild animals and plants.
The Selenga river Delta – the most interesting tourist area of Kabansky district. A substantial part of it is very swampy, with many small lakes, has more than 30 large and small duct, a semicircle juts out into the lake, bordering the bays Decreased COP and Failure, the distance between the edgeinimi ducts 60 km from the Selenga brings to the Baikal huge amount of silt mass, and the remains of aquatic and riparian vegetation. On the South side of the Delta are large litters.
The Selenga river Delta – a Paradise for bird watchers it is home to 251 species of birds from 16 teams. It is the largest in Eastern Siberia, a place of concentration of shorebirds. Only duck breeds 100-120 thousand. In the period of autumn migration through the Delta flies 5-7 million individuals traducing, including geese and swans. One of the tracts of the Delta – a place of refuge geese called Galatai (Bur. "galloon" – goose). Delta included in the list of wetlands of international importance (Ramsar Convention) is unique as a habitat for waterfowl. Here work of the ornithological station of the Institute of biology at Irkutsk state University.
Posolsky SOR is the largest of the shallow gulfs of Baikal separated from the main water area by sandy spits, is called the p-Hag. The width of the spit from 30 to 200 m. Thanks to a good heating of the water in the Bay is feeding ground for the young Cisco. In 1999 the entire territory of the Embassy Sora was declared a protected natural area. Experts kabanskogo biosphere reserve can arrange ornithological trips.
On the Bay there are s. Embassy and the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery, the area Rotation and C. Bojarski. The Bay has long been used for relaxation: on a 14-kilometer coastal strip built tourist facilities, camping grounds, shops, watercraft rentals. In the middle of the Bay is the location BAYKALSKIY Priboy (44 object of tourist accommodation) and Kultushnaya (23 property), which separates R. Abramikha. At each location there is a stop of trains.
Kultushnaya – area recreation and tourism on the coast of the Embassy of Sora, known for its sandy beaches and warm water. The popularity of this vacation spot on the East coast of lake Baikal can be compared with the Small sea on the Western side of the lake. On Kultuchnoe operates more than 20 resorts, there is a market, shops. Vacationers can find here almost everything you need – from coffee shops to hire sports equipment for active recreation on the water. As BAYKALSKIY Priboy, Kulturnuyu recommend for family rest with children.
The failure of the Bay located at the mouth of the Selenga. Open the lake side of the Bay stretches for 22 km. the Gulf is separated from lake Baikal by a chain of long and narrow Islands. The Bay starts from M. Bummer, ends at p. Dubinino. The shores of the Bay smooth, Postanovlenie, wooded, marshy, with shallow lakes. High coastal terraces located settlements.
Near the village of dulan on the contrary over-Liva Failure made memorable sign –a four-meter figure of the Lord of the Baikal – in the mythology of the indigenous population of Buryatia is Usain-Lobson. Water as the first principle of being, the Buryats since ancient times gave primary importance. And the main essence was always the Baikal – boundless, the great, the Almighty. In the mythology of the Buryat cult of the water meshed with the images of the gods of water. Rivers and lakes have always had their kings of the waters of Asankanov, the elders of heavenly origin. According to legend, the elder of heavenly origin USAN, Robson lives with his servants and wife Usaan-Daban on the bottom of lake Baikal. Near historical and cultural complex "the Lord of Baikal" is arranged in a rest area. The inhabitants of the village of dulan offer a cultural programme on this place, showing in a shamanic ceremony, Buryat folklore.
The village enkheluk (Bur. – calm, peaceful, gracious) is located on the Eastern shore of lake Baikal, North of the Selenga Delta, six kilometers from the Gulf of Failure, 170 km from Ulan-Ude (140 – paved road, 30 –gravel); 430 km from Irkutsk (400 – paved road, 30 – gravel). The road passes through the Selenga river on the bridge, located in p. Cod. You can also pass on the Barguzin road through the village of Turuntaevo and Pokrovka (185 km from Ulan-Ude).
Since ancient times these places on lake Baikal called "the Enchanted coast". Gently sloping shores and long beaches combined with steep slopes covered in dense taigami forests. Many mountain streams and rivers, cutting the gully Marine range, carry their waters to lake Baikal. This is one of the favorite places of recreation and tourism in Buryatia. Coast of Baikal in the area of Enkheluk is a luxurious sandy beach where you can find secluded spots. Here are the year-round tourist center, offering a full range of tourist services.
Located in Enkheluk, you can make a trip to the hot springs located in eight km from Enkheluk in the area of the Tract of Sagsa. In the place of their exit hole, on sources, you can take a bath in the equipped place. Water is used for the treatment of joints and skin diseases, it contain hydrogen sulphide.
To get to the source can be on the road in the village Dry. On the road sign "Hot springs".
Dry, the District – so-called areas on the Eastern shore of lake Baikal. Luxury place for a relaxing holiday: sandy beaches, pine forests, there is no influx of tourists. In the Dry there is a Museum "Emolevy Baikal", the guest house, Yurt complex. The road goes to the port District. Here are several Seating areas: Angelucci reserve, enkheluk-Sagsa, Dry-Zarech'ye and in the villages of Oymur, Novyy enkheluk, Dry, District, and near the source of Sagsa – camp sites. Summer vacationers are located in tented camps on the shore of lake Baikal. In towns, shops, petrol station is in p. Shergina. After District road no.
OTHER PLACES OF INTEREST
The Village Cod. Modern two-lane bridge with a length of 800 m, the longest in Eastern Siberia.
The village of Bolshaya Rechka. The village runs the bolsherechensky fish breeding plant, operates the plant Museum is a squad of search-and-rescue service of EMERCOM.
The town of Babushkin (St. hill), 180 km from Ulan-Ude, founded in 1892, has the status of a historical city of Russia. Named after I. V. Babushkin
revolutionary-Bolshevik, colleague of Lenin. In the XIX century the town was one of centers of Commerce on the Tea pOoty. On the outskirts of the city there is an old lighthouse built in 1900 Monuments of history, art hill of the early twentieth century, are the old water tower, resembling an old castle, soldiers ' barracks, a locomotive depot and a station building.
Landmark G. Grandmother is historical-revolutionary Museum. At the entrance is a hundred years poplar. The Museum contains a rich collection of documents and objects on the history of the city and its revolutionary past, the exhibition reflected the theme of preservation of lake Baikal, the importance of place on the Tea road said the exposition of samovars.
The Village Of Tankhoi. The village also has a Directorate of Baikal state nature biosphere reserve and the tourist center "Baikal".