BAIKAL - BURYATIA: tourism and recreation

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Kizhinginsky district

The area is located in Western Transbaikalia, bordered Zaigraevsky, Khorinsk, Eravninskiy districts of Buryatia, Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky,
Hiloksky areas in Zabaykalsky Krai.
Kizhinginsky district was formed in 1940, is Home to about 19 thousand people Density of 2.4 people/sq km ethnic groups: Buryats, Russians. The regional center of the City. The area is located in Western Transbaikalia, bordered Zaigraevsky, Khorinsk, Eravninskiy districts of Buryatia, Petrovsk-Zabaykal'skiy, Khilok districts in Zabaykalsky Krai.
Is Kaduna-Kizhinginsky intermountain decrease and is 700 and more meters above sea level. Kishinsky district river valley Kizhinga, the Siberian taiga, birch grove, pine forest, berry and mushroom lands, pine nuts; lakes and rivers rich in fish – a Paradise for recreation for every taste. The district is especially famous pilgrimage and enicheskogo excursions.
In the history of the spread of Buddhism from the Hori-Buryat Kizhinginskiy valley played a special role. This area in the XVIII century became the site of the actual meeting of the shamanic and the Lamaist worlds and worldviews, which, "not beating" each other, eventually formed two parallel currents in the confessional preferences of the nomadic tribes of the region. Together with the Lamaist chapel in the tent Taishi were shamanic Ogoni and around the home was put to the staves with impaled on them for shaman sacrifices a sheep.
The first temples Kizhinginskiy valley was built in the period from the mid eighteenth century to the first quarter of the XIX century Most of them began its existence with the "home" felt the temples of the heads of the Khori birth. This is the story of the founding of one of the largest religious complexes in the valley, the oldest monastery belonging to the Hori-Buryats – Kizhinginsky datsan.
Kizhinginsky datsan was built in 1891 and then in a monastery school was opened Choir. After a fire in 1908, the temple was re-
stanalan and became one of the most beautiful religious buildings in Buryatia Republic; in 1936, the temple was closed, some commodities in the was kidnapped
statues of deities, made of non-ferrous metals, mangled and discarded, the most valuable and rare books, letters, rare documents burned. Now this place delivered stupas.


Modern Kizhinginsky datsan, Dashi Humbling ("the Abode of the accumulation of happiness") is located three miles from the village Kizhinga. At the entrance to
the temple walls are made out of Pisnya images of Buddhist deities inside the temple is a one of a kind composition of a Buddhist Paradise. On one of the buildings are carved on wood paintings with Buddhist subjects. On the altar is dominated by a sculpture of the Buddha, close to the sacred books and sculptures of small size.
On the territory of the datsan there are three Dugan, made of wood, Dewain-Dugan, Shousan-mA'ani were and Dugan-Dugan (1996). On the territory of datsan built hotel next to it is a small stadium, where the celebrations are held traditional competitions in force and dexterity.
Kizhinginsky datsan was the only Buddhist temple in Buryatia in the territory of which erected large statues of Buddha Shakyamuni (7 m) and Maitreya (3 m). 20 m from the datsan is Dugan in the cave dedicated to the medieval poet, monk and ascetic of Milarepa. In Dogana is a sculpture of Milarepa, made of papier-mache, is the only existing Buddhist temples in Buryatia.
On the mountain Cesan established the Great Stupa Jaron-Hashar ("wish-Fulfilling") – similar to a stupa in the vicinity of Kathmandu in Nepal, which provides assistance to everyone who comes with a pure heart and treats her with reverence. So I think the believers and pilgrims, regardless of religion. Drive up to the Holy place, the most oboo, is prohibited. Oboo circumambulate three times around the mountain Cesan clockwise – I respect the native earth, the Keeper and his entourage, thank and ask for prosperity in family, success in work, health. The left front of the mortar sculpture of the Buddha Amitabha ("PokRevital long life"). A distinctive feature of the image and the sculpture – red color of the body, and the main attribute – the vessel with the drink of immortality "Amrita" and grows from the Tree of Life.
The mortar Dandaron ("White stupa of Vajrasatva") is located on the mountain Tibhar Mail about six km to the East from the village of Ust ' -Orot. Erected in honor of a famous Buddhist, the philosopher, the Creator of the concept of neoluddism and llamas Bidiya Dandaron (1914-1974).
On-site Kizhinginsky district, there are 15 mineral springs, which are used to treat a variety of diseases and rest, are places of worship. Each source is different in chemical composition, mineralization and radioactivity. The most accessible sources: Ust-Arotsky (five kilometers from the village Orot), Pulaski (the village of Ust ' -Orot), Renasci (p. Sagasti), Bahli-Thai (S. Bolita).
Mineral water springs are recommended for the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, Central and peripheral nervous system, skin and gynecological diseases, diseases of the digestive system, metabolism, gastrointestinal tract. Hugart lake – a picturesque lake with healing mud, surrounded by forest. Its therapeutic properties known since 1904
Kizhinginskiy nature reserve was established in 1995 with the goal of wildlife conservation: populations of red deer, ROE deer, hare, capercaillie, black grouse; and the places of mass calving of animals and also tokovisch. It is home to Pallas ' eagle
the Imperial eagle, owl; rare plants grow (Rhodiola rosea). Of the animals protected by the red book – white-tailed eagle, cranes, whooper Swan, black stork, Eurasian bittern, osprey.