BAIKAL - BURYATIA: tourism and recreation

official website of the Republic of Buryatia in the field of tourism development

Muyskiy district

The area is located in the North-East of Buryatia in the valleys of the rivers Vitim and MUI, bordered by the Severobaikalsk district of Buryatia Republic, the Bodaibo district of the Irkutsk region and the Kadar district of the Chita region.
Muyskiy district was formed in 1989, the population of 14.5 thousand people Density of 0.60 persons/sq. km Administrative centre: p. G. T. Taksimo (Evenk. "Sosnovyy Bor", "bowl" –referring to the surrounding terrain), situated on the river MUI, 690 km North-East from Ulan-Ude, with a population of 10.1 million inhabitants. Bordered by the Severobaikalsk district of Buryatia Republic, the Bodaibo district of the Irkutsk region and the Kadar district of the Chita region. A road connected to the city of Bodaybo. The first known settlement on the Bank of the river MUI was founded in 1863 by the Yakuts, who came from the basin of the Chara; in 1920 in Taksimo had 3 houses, lived 7 people.
The area is located in the North-East of Buryatia in the valleys of the rivers Vitim and MUI (Evenk. "water", "river"). The main industry in the district is gold mining (mine, artisanal cooperative).
Is the logging. The highlands with its snowy peaks, steep slopes covered with taiga and mighty rivers especially attractive for fans of sports and environmental tourism. Here to hunt and relax in the healing waters, you can try your luck prospecting.
Transportation of passengers carried by air, road, rail and water transport. On territory of area is the Baikal-Amur mainline.
Taksimo is the docking place of the electrified section of the BAM and elektrifizierung, located to the East.
In 1639 "to preach a new territory in freestyle Vitim" went Russian explorers Maxim Perfiliev and his friends. Went up to the mouth of the Chicks, but go thundering rapids of the Vitim Cossacks failed and began to look for another way to the Amur, ordering grandchildren not wasting time on that damn river.
And if in 1844-45, and opened gold mines on the Chicks and Tipitina not begun developmentthe first placers on Waikane, and later in Bodaybo, there would be little need to conquer a wayward river. What happened a century later settled in the Muya valley by the first settlers.
On the way a mighty river Vitim – Moody river, sung by the writer Shishkov – the nature made high mountains. Breaking one of them – the South Muya ridge, falls into Muya Vitim-Kandinsky basin and is flowing in it. Before the next obstacle – the North Muya ridge, the river bends sharply to the West, and then sharply turns to the North, crosses the high mountains of the North Muya ridge. Steep, often almost vertical slopes of the gorge rises over the river at 600-700 m, obscura the river from all sides. Here, the mighty, two-kilometer width of the river narrows to a hundred meters. She is looking for a loophole between the rocks and three km downstream, at the exit from the gorge, roaring and rattling breaks loose. This is the most dangerous place on the Vitim – Paremski threshold. He is called by the same name by R. Parama, a tributary of the Vitim. No one will count how many time I've killed brave people who decided to slip the threshold on a raft, boat or canoe, how many human souls he absorbed in his foam, madly dancing trees.
Yes, a boat trip on the Vitim is not for the weak. However, it is possible not to risk it and drive or walk the road along the shore, at which a hundred or two hundred years ago were explorers, prospectors and fugitives.
Muya valley is one of the most mysterious and beautiful places of Buryatia. The nature here is beautiful and varied: in many mineral springs, lakes, rivers, virgin forests carpet covering the mountain ranges. The valley is rich in geological, aquatic and archaeological monuments of nature.
Of North tunnel with a length of over 15 km Passes through the North-ridge to a depth of 1000 m. in the territory of the former USSR and the fifth longest in the world. Of North tunnel is a unique engineering construction with modern systems of ventilation, fireotusanya, temperature, and seismic control. The construction of the tunnel began in uninhabited territory, severe climatic conditions, near constant earthquakes. Commissioned in 2003.
Muya mountain Giant (3067 m) to the top of the South Muya ridge in the Northern Transbaikalia. Giant is seeking up a jumble of smooth rock bastions, over which steadily rises the square tower of the mountains. Enjoy the beauty of the Muya valley is best from the height of the Giant.
Near Muya thermal source flora is notable for unusual for North picturesqueness heat-loving plants: powerful of aspen with a diameter of over a meter, ferns tall up to two meters. On Muya source came to be treated from ailments the first settlers of the valley.
Source Tolmachevsky goes from the right Bank of the MUI 2.5 km above p. Ust ' -Muya. Thermal springs there are unloaded on a sand spit on the area of 700-800 m. This is one of the available sources for use by local residents for a long time. The waters of both springs are used as baths in the treatment of diseases of the circulatory system, the nervous, endocrine, musculoskeletal and urogenital systems, skin diseases.
Maksimovski source manifests itself in the form of eight small griffins, water temperature +4C, on the mineralization of water refers to a mineral dining room, can be used for drinking, cooking.
Paraska cave – one of the longest and most complex caves in Russia. The cave is poorly understood.
The cave is located in Irkutsk polutora km from the road Taksimo–Bodaibo and 18 km from the village of Taksimo. The length of her 88 metres, the monument of archeology. The cave has two large entrance in the limestone rocks at a height of 90 m. the Famous petroglyphs: geometric figures, crosses, circles, stylized drawing of the animal, three horned figures of shamans, dates back to the bronze and early iron age. Image shamans peculiar in the manner of execution, in Eastern Siberia is not unique. Their characteristics: pronounced straightness, angularity of outline, schematic, static poses are typical of shamanistic Evenki ritual art. In the cave also discovered fragments of pottery. The cave was probably used by ancient people for ritual ceremonies.
Plateau gold (30 km from the village of Taksimo) it is noteworthy vertical sinkholes to a depth of 52 m. the walls of the wells are covered with sinter forms of calcite.
Ust-Bambuyka and Ust-Duldung – Parking spaces of the early iron age and Neolithic.
A POPULAR TOURIST ROUTE starts from the village of Taksimo, delivery on the road to the village of prospectors artel "chaybukha". Further trekking up the trail along the river Kelana to the old mine "Agent" and close to R. Parama–Permskie lake–R. Aikta–cave Irkutsk. Route special gentle and humble flora of the North, ice dams can meet reindeer, red deer.
The river Parama, and Permskie lake located at the foot of the North Muya ridge, in the river and lakes are found red lenok, grayling. On the left side of R. Aikta cave Irkutsk. The best time for this route – from mid-June to 15 September. For a successful travel (walking) you must have a guide with a gun who knows the area.